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Table 1 Geographical and Socio-economic Comparison of Study Regions

From: Differences in the determinants of health insurance enrolment among working-age adults in two regions in Ghana

Description Greater Accra Region Western Region
Topography Coastal region Coastal region
Total Population 4,010,054 2,376,021
Percentage rural Population 9.5% live in rural areas 57.6% live in rural areas
Percentage urban population 90.5% live in urban areas 42.4% live in urban areas
Jobs of inhabitants in Urban Areas Mainly engaged in white collar jobs (Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies; manufacturing and large scale businesses) Few are engaged in white collar jobs. Mainly engaged in small scale businesses (retailing)
Economic activities in rural areas Predominantly fishermen, farmers, small scale salt producers and some small scale miners Predominantly fishermen, farmers, small scale salt producers and some small scale miners
Regional poverty incidence 12% 18%
NHIS coverage 25.6% 32.2%
  1. Source: 2011 NHIA Annual Report [9]; 2010 Population and Housing Census [10] and Gender Inequalities in Rural Employment in Ghana: An Overview [11]