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Table 3 Characteristics of Working-Age Adults by Rural and Urban Area in the Two Regions

From: Differences in the determinants of health insurance enrolment among working-age adults in two regions in Ghana

   Total Sample (N = 4214) Greater Accra Region (N = 2187) Western Region (N = 2027)
   Mean (N = 4214) Urban (N = 2171) Rural (N = 2043) Mean (N = 2187) Urban (N = 1407) Rural (N = 780) Mean (N = 2027) Urban (N = 764) Rural (N = 1263)
Mean Age   37.74 38.61 36.81 38.61 39.26 37.98 36.59 37.43 36.09
Sex (%) Female 56.29 56.06 56.53 56.65 56.15 57.56 55.90 55.89 55.90
  Male 43.71 43.94 43.47 43.35 43.85 42.44 44.10 44.11 44.10
Marital Status (%) Never Married 34.77 36.99 32.40 37.27 38.59 34.87 32.07 34.03 30.88
  Married 51.50 48.60 54.58 48.98 46.91 52.56 54.27 51.70 55.82
  Divorced 13.74 14.42 13.02 13.81 14.50 12.56 13.67 14.27 13.30
Religion (%) Other Religion 10.39 9.44 11.40 10.52 10.31 10.90 10.26 7.85 11.72
  Christian 89.61 90.56 88.60 89.48 89.69 89.10 89.74 92.15 88.28
Mean Household Size   4.5 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.7
Educational Level (%) No Education 13.69 9.95 17.67 10.75 7.18 17.18 16.87 15.05 17.97
  Basic Education 52.06 47.31 57.12 50.80 45.70 60.00 53.43 50.26 55.34
  Secondary Educ. and above 34.24 42.75 25.21 38.45 47.12 22.82 29.70 34.69 26.68
Employment (%) Not Employed 30.45 33.12 27.61 32.14 34.47 27.95 28.61 30.63 27.40
  Employed 69.55 66.88 72.39 67.86 65.53 72.05 71.39 69.37 72.26
Type of Employment (%) (N = 2931) Part-time 1.71 2.13 1.28 2.09 2.60 1.25 1.31 1.32 1.31
  Full-Time 98.29 97.87 98.72 97.91 97.40 98.75 98.69 98.68 98.69
Occupation (%) (N = 1931) Farmer 18.85 10.22 27.34 8.41 3.44 16.76 29.40 22.01 33.63
  Artisan/Trader 46.85 49.05 44.69 51.95 51.94 51.96 41.70 44.02 40.38
  Laborer/Casual Worker 7.83 8.67 7.01 8.07 8.10 8.01 7.59 9.65 6.42
  Managerial/Professional 18.46 22.41 14.57 20.79 24.20 15.08 16.10 19.35 14.27
  Business Owner 8.01 9.68 6.28 10.78 12.32 8.19 5.20 5.02 5.31
Wealth Status (%) Poorest 17.56 11.56 23.94 12.53 8.53 1974 22.99 17.15 26.52
  Poor 17.13 15.02 19.38 15.96 14.14 19.23 18.40 16.62 19.48
  Average 19.06 19.81 18.26 18.98 18.91 19.10 19.14 21.47 17.74
  Rich 22.19 24.74 19.48 22.95 23.95 21.15 21.36 26.18 18.45
  Richest 24.06 28.88 18.94 29.58 34.47 20.77 18.11 18.59 17.81
Average Annual Income   2340.76 2470.33 2203.07 2470.33 2256.41 2413.73 2371.23 2864.29 2072.97
Health Status (%) Bad Health 4.77 4.65 4.89 5.21 5.90 3.97 4.29 2.36 5.46
  Fair Health 8.66 8.01 9.35 9.33 9.10 9.74 7.94 6.02 9.11
  Good Health 86.57 87.33 85.76 85.46 85.00 86.28 87.77 91.62 85.43
Ownership of Facility (%) Private 39.44 20.73 59.32 38.45 18.62 74.23 40.50 24.61 50.12
  Public 60.56 79.27 40.68 61.55 81.38 25.77 59.50 75.39 49.88
Time to Health Facility   12.43 12.64 12.19 12.64 10.46 12.63 13.75 16.68 11.92
  1. Source: COHEiSION Project Baseline Survey of 2012
  2. GAR Greater Accra Region, WR Western region