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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population – Percent distribution or mean (SD) of individuals in sampled areas by selected background characteristics

From: Assessing out-of-pocket expenditures for primary health care: how responsive is the Democratic Republic of Congo health system to providing financial risk protection?

Characteristics Study areas Total
Equateur Kasai-Occidental / Oriental Maniema / Orientale
Setting
 Rural 93% 91% 92% 92%
 Urban 7% 9% 8% 8%
Gender
 Female 54% 55% 57% 56%
 Male 46% 45% 43% 44%
Age (in years)
  < 5 33% 28% 31% 29%
 5–14 17% 23% 24% 22%
 15–24 10% 11% 9% 11%
 25–34 13% 11% 7% 10%
 35–44 7% 8% 7% 8%
 45–54 8% 7% 10% 8%
 55+ 11% 12% 11% 11%
 Average (SD) 21.94 (1.11) 22.78 (0.94) 21.07 (1.51) 22.18 (0.72)
Wealth quintile
 Low 12% 40% 3% 26%
 Low Middle 35% 20% 11% 19%
 Middle 22% 14% 28% 19%
 High Middle 18% 13% 31% 19%
 High 13% 13% 27% 17%
Household size
 1–3 18% 17% 14% 16%
 4–8 66% 66% 74% 69%
  > 8 16% 16% 12% 15%
 Average (SD) 5.97 (0.1) 6.15 (0.1) 5.9 (0.1) 6.1 (0.1)
Head of household 14% 15% 7% 13%
Highest education of household head
 None completed 13% 20% 6% 15%
 Primary 32% 25% 25% 26%
 Secondary 54% 51% 63% 55%
 Tertiary 1% 4% 5% 4%
Time to access outpatient care
  ≥ 30 min 96% 85% 96% 89%
  < 30 min 4% 15% 4% 11%
Distance of facility from the village (in km) 9.3 (0.9) 7.9 (0.5) 5.5 (0.3) 7.4 (11.8)
  1. All estimates are weighted