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Table 2 Service and population coverage – Percent distribution or mean (SD) of individuals in sampled areas

From: Assessing out-of-pocket expenditures for primary health care: how responsive is the Democratic Republic of Congo health system to providing financial risk protection?

Service and population coverage Study areas Total
Equateur Kasai-Occidental /Oriental Maniema /Orientale
Sought outpatient care
 All types of care 78.0% 62.9% 65.8% 65.6%
Number of outpatient visits
 Charged visits, per household 1.5 (0.0) 1.7 (0.0) 1.6 (0.0) 1.6 (0.0)
 Charged visits, per capita 0.7 (0.0) 0.6 (0.0) 0.6 (0.0) 0.6 (0.0)
 Free-of-charge visits, per capita 0.3 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0)
 Any, per capita 1.0 (0.0) 1.0 (0.0) 1.0 (0.0) 1.0 (0.0)
Outpatient visits, any
 1 visit, per household 61.0% 55.3% 53.3% 55.5%
 2 to 9 visits, per household 39.0% 44.7% 46.7% 44.5%
 1 visit, per capita 98.1% 99.3% 97.2% 98.5%
 2 to 3 visits, per capita 1.9% 0.7% 2.8% 1.5%
Primary use of care
 Public medical sector 76.6% 59.5% 59.1% 61.9%
 Private medical sector 8.1% 27.3% 34.4% 26.6%
 Other source 15.2% 13.2% 6.6% 11.5%
Type of facility: Public medical sector
 General Reference hospital 36.8% 63.9% 47.5% 55.8%
 Health centre 49.3% 30.9% 9.2% 26.8%
 Reference health center 11.0% 0.2% 32.3% 10.9%
 Secondary hospital 0.6% 2.0% 0.0% 1.2%
 Health post 0.0% 0.0% 1.7% 0.5%
Type of facility: Private sector
 Hospital/private clinic 0.6% 3.0% 7.8% 4.1%
 Specialised clinic 0.0% 0.0% 1.5% 0.4%
 Other private sector 1.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2%
Satisfaction with care received
 with provider skill 65.1% 47.1% 55.8% 51.8%
 with waiting time 56.3% 46.8% 54.4% 50.2%
 with provider explanation 45.6% 33.8% 41.3% 37.4%
 with health facility equipment 47.3% 28.6% 36.5% 33.2%
 with drug supply 46.2% 20.6% 16.6% 22.5%
 with all five items 28.4% 10.9% 6.7% 11.8%
Health insurance coverage
 Any type of insurance, of which: 3.8% 0.2% 1.4% 1.0%
  Mutual health organization 87.9% 14.3% 41.0% 58.4%
  Employer-offered plan 12.1% 72.3% 58.7% 39.5%
  Other commercial plan 0.0% 13.4% 0.3% 2.1%
 None 96.2% 99.8% 98.6% 99.0%
Top reasons for delaying care
 Financial constraints 76.7% 76.4% 44.0% 65.9%
 Self-medication 11.7% 17.8% 3.1% 12.3%
 Distance to facility 1.8% 0.0% 34.2% 11.4%
  1. All estimates are weighted; [] ] more than 10% missing