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Table 3 Levels and shares of total out-of-pocket expenditure (mean OOPs) for outpatient care

From: Assessing out-of-pocket expenditures for primary health care: how responsive is the Democratic Republic of Congo health system to providing financial risk protection?

  Mean SD Frequency Mean share of total OOPs SD
Individuals who used care (n1 = 2412)
Aggregate costs (mean, sd, n, %)
 Overall reported cost 6.20 0.35 100.0% naa na
Care users who spent >USD 0 (n2 = 2168)
Aggregate costs (mean, sd, n, %)
 Overall reported OOPs 6.77 0.37 100.0% na na
 Overall reported cost, per visit 6.61 0.37 100.0% na na
Itemized OOPs
 Total medical cost, per visit 6.37 0.38 100.0% 97.7% 0.9%
  Drugs and medicines 4.90 0.34 99.7% 62.3% 8.9%
  Consultation 2.33 0.27 74.9% 32.7% 9.0%
  Laboratory tests 1.05 0.12 38.5% 1.4% 0.5%
  X-ray 0.63 0.26 14.1% 0.8% 0.4%
  Medical products 0.02 0.01 13.2% 0.5% 0.2%
 Total non-medical cost, per visit 2.71 0.58 7.6% 2.3% 0.9%
  Transportation 0.45 0.22 15.0% 0.7% 0.3%
  Other 0.64 0.12 19.9% 1.6% 0.7%
Health sector
 Public medical 7.00 9.39 67.3% na na
 Private medical 7.30 12.76 25.2% na na
 Informal 3.93 8.28 7.5% na na
Excessive OOPs analysis groups
 Low (<p50) 1.31 0.69 37.7% na na
 Medium-high (≥p50) 3.89 0.82 27.7% na na
 High (≥ 2 times p50) 6.87 0.80 13.5% na na
 Extremely high (≥ 3 times p50) 21.66 15.28 21.1% na na
Setting
 Rural 6.40 9.61 88.1% na na
 Urban 10.88 16.15 11.9% na na
Study areas
 Equateur 4.44 6.02 26.2% na na
 Kasai-Occidental / Oriental 5.82 10.25 36.8% na na
 Maniema / Orientale 9.69 11.58 37.0% na na
Gender
 Female 7.07 10.58 55.1% na na
 Male 6.26 10.07 44.9% na na
Health insurance status
 Covered, any scheme 8.53 16.28 3.9% na na
  Mutual health organization 5.22 7.80 86.6% na na
  Employer-offered plan 19.39 29.23 12.2% na na
  Other commercial plan 6.00 na 1.2% na na
 Uncovered 6.70 10.28 96.1% na na
  1. All estimates are weighted and reported for individuals who spent money for outpatient care
  2. ana Not applicable