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Table 3 Bivariate linear regression models for HIV-related stigma and relevant covariates among rural PLWHA, Henan Province, China, 2014 (n = 239)

From: HIV-related stigma among people living with HIV/AIDS in rural Central China

Variable Total Stigma Score Personalized Stigma Disclosure Concern Negative Self-Image Concern With Public Attitudes
β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Female −1.09 (−4.24,2.07) − 1.00 (− 2.60,0.60) − 0.17 (− 1.06,0.72) −0.28 (− 1.30,0.73) −0.35 (− 2.22,1.51)
Increasing age − 0.53 (− 0.75,-0.31) −0.26 (− 0.37,-0.15) −0.14 (− 0.20,-0.07) −0.13 (− 0.20,-0.06) − 0.30 (− 0.43,-0.17)
Increasing education level 4.40 (1.02,7.78)§ 1.93 (0.20,3.66)§ 1.82 (0.89,2.76) 0.83 (− 0.27,1.93)* 2.50 (0.50,4.50)§
Living with spouse 5.34 (1.47,9.22)¶ 3.02 (1.05,4.99)¶ 0.90 (− 0.20,2.01)* 1.69 (0.43,2.94)¶ 3.72 (1.44,6.00)
Increasing yearly income 1.35 (− 2.00,4.70) 0.50 (− 1.21,2.20) 0.72 (− 0.22,1.66)* 0.01 (− 1.07,1.09) 0.80 (− 1.18,2.77)
Years since HIV diagnosis −0.43 (− 0.91,0.05)* −0.11 (− 0.36,0.14) −0.13 (− 0.27,0.01)* −0.15 (− 0.30,0.01)* −0.27 (− 0.55,0.02)*
Opportunistic infection 4.54 (− 0.68, 9.76)* 1.12 (− 1.55, 3.79) 1.58 (0.12, 3.05)§ 1.75 (0.07, 3.42)§ 2.07 (− 1.02, 5.16)*
Current ART treatment 1.97 (−8.11,12.04) 2.91(− 2.21,8.04) −0.25(− 3.09,2.59) −0.10(− 3.35,3.15) 2.08(− 3.87,8.04)
Better self-rated health status −1.18 (− 4.22,1.85) −0.39 (− 1.93,1.16) −0.32 (− 1.17,0.54) 0.12 (− 0.86,1.10) −0.67 (− 2.47,1.12)
Disclosed HIV status −15.61 (− 29.64,-1.59)§ −8.78 (− 15.91,-1.65)§ −2.96 (− 6.94,1.01)* −3.62 (− 8.16,0.93)* −9.65 (− 17.93,-1.37)§
  1. *p ≤ 0.2, §p < 0.05, ¶p < 0.01, p < 0.001
  2. N.B.: A negative stigma score indicates less stigma. PLWHA People Living with HIV/AIDS
  3. Opportunistic infection:History of at least one opportunistic infection (self-reported)