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Table 2 Methodological quality of controlled trials according to the EPOC method

From: The effectiveness of interventions designed to increase the uptake of clinical practice guidelines and best practices among musculoskeletal professionals: a systematic review

Author (year) Allocation concealment Blinded assessment Follow-up Baseline measure Reliable primary outcome Protection against contamination Summarya
Cleland (2009) DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE NC Low
Evans (2010) DONE NC DONE DONE NC DONE Moderate
Bussières (2010) DONE DONE ND DONE NC ND Moderate
van Dulmen (2014) DONE NC DONE ND ND DONE Moderate
Murray (2015) DONE DONE NC DONE ND DONE Moderate
Peter (2013) NC DONE DONE DONE NC DONE Moderate
Rebbeck (2006) DONE NC NC DONE ND DONE Moderate
Peter (2015) NC NC ND NC NC DONE High
Stevenson (2006) NC NC NC NC NC DONE High
Bekkering (2005) DONE NC NC DONE DONE DONE High
Chipchase (2016) DONE NC NC DONE NC NC High
  1. aLow risk of bias if the first 3 criteria are judged to be DONE; moderate if 1 or 2 of the first 3 criteria are judged to be NOT CLEAR (NC) or NOT DONE (ND); and high if more than 2 of the first 3 criteria are judged to be NOT CLEAR or NOT DONE