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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Perceptions of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their health care providers towards using mHealth for self-management of exacerbations: a qualitative study

Participants
Patients with a clinical diagnosis of COPD
Inclusion Exclusion
• Age > 40 years • Severe problems with vision or hearing
• FEV1/FVC ratio < 70% • Diagnosed with cognitive impairments
• GOLD stage ≥2, Spirometry FEV1 < 80% predicted • Primary diagnosis of asthma, cardiac disease or other major functionally limiting diseases
• ≥ 1 exacerbationa in the last 12 months prior to entering this study (to ensure adequate recall of their experience of an exacerbation). • Life expectancy ≤ three months
Health care providers
Inclusion Exclusion
• Having a patient-health care provider relationship with COPD patients NA
• Supporting COPD patients in self-management.
• At least 1 year experience in COPD care.
  1. Abbreviation: NA = not applicable; GOLD, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 s; FVC, forced vital capacity
  2. aAn exacerbation was defined as a period of symptom deterioration in which use of a course of corticosteroids and/or antibiotics was required or hospitalization was necessary; Clinical diagnosis was based on data from Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease [1].