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Table 3 Explaining burnout symptoms among hospital employees – results of stepwise multiple linear regression analyses (aggregated and stratified)

From: Explaining burnout and the intention to leave the profession among health professionals – a cross-sectional study in a hospital setting in Switzerland

Dependent or outcome variable: Burnout symptoms (CBI score 0–24) Caregivers & nurses (incl. midwives) Physicians All health professionals Total hospital employees
N = 882 N = 235 N = 1441 N = 1840
Beta coeff. (β) Beta coeff. (β) Beta coeff. (β) Beta coeff. (β)
Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2
Independent or exposure variables:
 Temporal workload (number of overtime hours per week 0–10+) n.s. n.s. n.s. −.13* n.s. −.09*** n.s. −.07**
 Physical workload (sum score 0–20) .20*** .12*** .16* n.s. .15*** .07** .17*** .09***
 Emotional job stress (sum score 0–20) .26*** .13*** .23*** n.s. .22*** .09** .17*** n.s.
 Mental job stress (sum score 0–15) .25*** .16*** .28*** n.s. .31*** .20*** .34*** .23***
Intervening or mediating variables:
 Effort-reward imbalance (ERI ratio) .08* .17* .14*** .12***
 Work-life imbalance (sum score 0–20) .35*** .48*** .35*** .35***
Control variables:
 Sex (male) n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. −.05* −.06* n.s. −.05*
 Age (< 25, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55+) −.13*** n.s. n.s. n.s. −.13*** −.09*** −.13*** −.10***
 Educational level (low, medium, high, very high) n.s. n.s. n.s. −.05*
Adjusted R square .300 .400 .228 .433 .276 .383 .278 .376
No. cases in model 763 708 204 187 1242 1157 1551 1438
  1. *p ≤ .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001; n.s. = not significant (p > .05)