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Table 4 Explaining thoughts of leaving the profession among hospital employees – results of stepwise multiple linear regression analyses (aggregated and stratified)

From: Explaining burnout and the intention to leave the profession among health professionals – a cross-sectional study in a hospital setting in Switzerland

Dependent or outcome variable: Thinking of leaving the profession (ordinal scale from 1 ‘never’ to 5 ‘daily’) Caregivers & nurses (incl. midwives) Physicians All health professionals Total hospital employees
N = 882 N = 235 N = 1441 N = 1840
Beta coeff. (β) Beta coeff. (β) Beta coeff. (β) Beta coeff. (β)
Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2 Step 1 Step 2
Independent or exposure variables:
 Temporal workload (number of overtime hours per week 0–10+) n.s. −.09* n.s. n.s. n.s. −.10*** n.s. −.11***
 Physical workload (sum score 0–20) .12*** n.s. .15* n.s. .12*** n.s. .11*** n.s.
 Emotional stress (sum score 0–20) .21*** n.s. n.s. n.s. .17*** n.s. .18*** n.s.
 Mental stress (sum score 0–15) .18*** .08* .29*** .19* .21*** .10*** .21*** .09***
Intervening or mediating variables:
 Effort-reward imbalance (ERI ratio) .31*** .36*** .34*** .34***
 Work-life imbalance (sum score 0–20) .25*** n.s. .20*** .19***
Control variables:
 Sex (male) n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s.
 Age (< 25, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55+) −.13*** −.09** n.s. n.s. −.10*** −.11*** −.11*** −.11***
 Educational level (low, medium, high, very high) n.s. n.s. −.06* −.06*
Adjusted R square .166 .287 .110 .221 .143 .262 .140 .251
No. cases in model 776 715 204 187 1260 1168 1573 1450
  1. *p ≤ .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001; n.s. = not significant (p > .05)