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Table 2 Identification of the potential policy categories appropriate for the intervention based on selected intervention functions

From: Improving medication adherence in stroke survivors: the intervention development process

Intervention Function Policy Category Policy Category Definitiona Included/excluded from next stage Reasons for Inclusion/exclusion (against APEASE criteria)
Education Communication/Marketing Using print, electronic, telephonic or broadcast media Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Guidelines Creating documents that recommend or mandate practice. This includes all changes to service provision Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Regulation Establishing rules or principles of behaviour or practice Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to current health practice regulations
Legislation Making or changing laws Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to law
Service Provision Delivering a service Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Persuasion Communication/Marketing Using print, electronic, telephonic or broadcast media Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Guidelines Creating documents that recommend or mandate practice. This includes all changes to service provision Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Regulation Establishing rules or principles of behaviour or practice Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to current health practice regulations
Legislation Making or changing laws Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to law
Service Provision Delivering a service Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Training Guidelines Creating documents that recommend or mandate practice. This includes all changes to service provision Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Fiscal Measures Using the tax system to reduce or increase the financial cost Excluded Not considered practical (partially due to free prescriptions over the age of 60 in UK, which encompasses a large proportion of stroke survivors), unlikely to be acceptable to policy makers who would probably need to instigate legislation changes, potentially not affordable contingent on the economic climate at the time of the change
Regulation Establishing rules or principles of behaviour or practice Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to current health practice regulations
Legislation Making or changing laws Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to law
Service Provision Delivering a service Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Environmental Restructuring Guidelines Creating documents that recommend or mandate practice. This includes all changes to service provision Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Fiscal Measures Using the tax system to reduce or increase the financial cost Excluded Not considered practical (partially due to free prescriptions over the age of 60 in UK, which encompasses a large proportion of stroke survivors), unlikely to be acceptable to policy makers who would probably need to instigate legislation changes, potentially not affordable contingent on the economic climate at the time of the change
Regulation Establishing rules or principles of behaviour or practice Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to current health practice regulations
Legislation Making or changing laws Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to law
Environmental/ Social Planning Designing and/or controlling the physical or social environment Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Enablement Guidelines Creating documents that recommend or mandate practice. This includes all changes to service provision Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Fiscal Measures Using the tax system to reduce or increase the financial cost Excluded Not considered practical (partially due to free prescriptions over the age of 60 in UK, which encompasses a large proportion of stroke survivors), unlikely to be acceptable to policy makers who would probably need to instigate legislation changes, potentially not affordable contingent on the economic climate at the time of the change
Regulation Establishing rules or principles of behaviour or practice Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to current health practice regulations
Legislation Making or changing laws Excluded Not considered practical for this project as the timeline would not allow for the process of changes to law
Environmental/ Social Planning Designing and/or controlling the physical or social environment Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
Service Provision Delivering a service Included Considered affordable, practical, potentially effective, potentially acceptable, should have limited side effects and shouldn’t create significant issues of equity
  1. APEASE Affordability, practicality, effectiveness/cost-effectiveness, acceptability, side effects, equity, UK United Kingdom
  2. aDefinitions from Michie, S., L. Atkins, and R. West, The Behaviour Change Wheel: A Guide to Designing Interventions. 2014, UK: Silverback Publishing