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Table 6 The associations between the categorical variable (socio-demographic) and the PCC components (MANOVA tests)

From: Palestinian doctors’ views on patient-centered care in hospitals

Groups   Wilk’s Λ Test Partial η2 In favor of
Specialists, residents, GPs Combined DVs 0.964 F(8,674) = 1.58, p = 0.127 0.018
  -Exchange of Information   F(2,343) = 1.99, p = 0.139 0.012
  - Individualization   F(2,343) = 4.630, p = 0.01a 0.027 Specialists
  - Empathy   F(2,343) = 1.930, p = 0.14 0.011
  - Involvement   F(2,343) = 2.231, p = 0.10 0.013
Male, female doctors Combined DVs 0.959 F(4,338) = 3.65, p = 0.006 0.041 males
  -Exchange of Information   F(1,343) = 0.30, p = 0.578 0.001
  - Individualization   F(1,343) = 4.97, p = 0.026 0.014 Males
  - Empathy   F(1,343) = 0.080, p = 0.77 0.000
  - Involvement   F(1,343) = 7.28, p = 0.007 0.021 Males
Married, unmarried doctors Combined DVs 0.971 F(4,338) = 2.50, p = 0.042 0.029 Married
  -Exchange of Information   F(1,343) = 0.80, p = 0.372 0.002
  - Individualization   F(1,343) = 5.70, p = 0.017 0.017 Married
  - Empathy   F(1,343) = 5.48, p = 0.020 0.016 Married
  - Involvement   F(1,343) = 7.89, p = 0.005 0.023 Married
Experience > 5, ≤ 5 years Combined DVs 0.965 F(4,337) = 3.08, p = 0.016 0.035 Experienced
  -Exchange of Information   F(1,341) = 0.20, p = 0.653 0.001
  - Individualization   F(1,341) = 7.90, p = 0.005 0.023 Experienced
  - Empathy   F(1,341) = 1.68, p = 0.195 0.005
  - Involvement   F(1,341) = 6.01, p = 0.015 0.017 Experienced
Local education, abroad Combined DVs 0.989 F(4,335) = 0.950, p = 0.43 0.011
  -Exchange of Information   F(1,338) = 0.34, p = 0.558 0.001
  - Individualization   F(1,341) = 0.67, p = 0.414 0.002
  - Empathy   F(1,341) = 0.07, p = 0.796 0.000
  - Involvement   F(1,341) = 2.50, p = 0.112 0.007
Trained, untrained doctors Combined DVs 0.979 F(4,334) = 1.80, p = 0.127 0.021
  -Exchange of Information   F(1,337) = 0.16, p = 0.694 0.000
  - Individualization   F(1,337) = 1.75, p = 0.178 0.005
  - Empathy   F(1,337) = 5.25, p = 0.023 0.015 Trained
  - Involvement   F(1,337) = 4.33, p = 0.038 0.013 Trained
Familiarity with (PCC) Combined DVs 0.968 F(4,334) = 2.75, p = 0.028 0.032 Familiar
  -Exchange of Information   F(1,337) = 2.39, p = 0.125 0.007
  - Individualization   F(1,337) = 7.27, p = 0.007 0.021 Familiar
  - Empathy   F(1,337) = 4.67, p = 0.031 0.014 Familiar
  - Involvement   F(1,337) = 9.98, p = 0.002 0.029 Familiar
Public, private hospital Combined DVs 0.968 F(4,338) = 2.75, p = 0.028 0.037 Private
  -Exchange of Information   F(1,343) = 11.8, p = 0.034 0.034 Private
  - Individualization   F(1,343) = 6.09, p = 0.014 0.018 Private
  - Empathy   F(1,343) = 3.49, p = 0.063 0.010
  - Involvement   F(1,343) = 6.18, p = 0.013 0.018 Private
  1. aSignificant effects are indicated in boldface