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Table 8 Regression analysis testing the concurrent validity of HSOPSC

From: Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the hospital survey on patient safety culture in a prehospital environment

Safety climate dimensions Outcome variables
Patient safety grade Number of events reported (last 12 months) Overall perceptions of safety Frequency of error reporting Stop working in dangerous situations
Manager expectations & actions promoting patient safety .12*** -.17*** .15***   .07*
Organizational learning - continuous improvement .22***   .22*** .13*** .12***
Teamwork within units .13***   .10***   .11***
Communication openness     .12** .13***
Feedback and communication about error .07*   .06* .31***  
Nonpunitive response to error -.05*     
Staffing .09*** -.13** .24***   
Hospital management support for patient safety .11***   .08*** .07*  
Teamwork across units      .11***
Handoffs and transitions .10*** -.12* .11***   .06*
Explanatory power (R squared) .46 .03 .59 .26 .29
F-test 98.2*** 4.6*** 166.9*** 42.2*** 48.5***
  1. Note: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; empty fields are non-significant (p > 0.05)