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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of utilizers (stroke patients)

From: Can caregivers report their care recipients’ post-stroke hospitalizations and outpatient visits accurately? Findings of an Asian prospective stroke cohort

Variable   Frequency/Mean Percent/SD
Age
  < 65 years 292 60
  ≥65 years 193 40
Gender
  Male 318 66
  Female 167 34
Ethnicity
  Chinese 326 67
  Non-Chinese 159 33
Religion
  Religion 440 91
  No Religion 44 9
Marital status
  Married 347 72
  Single 138 28
Ward class
  Unsubsidized 39 8
  Subsidized 446 92
Stroke Type
  Ischaemic 420 87
  Non-ischaemic 62 13
National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)
  Mild (0–4) 265 58
  Moderately Severe (5–14) 165 36
  Severe (15–24) 25 6
Barthel Index
  Independence (100) 104 24
  Slight Dependence (91–99) 60 14
  Moderate Dependence (61–90) 128 30
  Severe Dependence (21–60) 65 15
  Total Dependence (0–20) 73 17
Modified Rankin Scale (mRS)
  No or Slight Disability (0–2) 197 42
  Moderate or Severe Disability (3–5) 277 58
Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) No Cognitive Impairment (24–30) 252 63
  Mild Cognitive Impairment (18–23) 98 24
  Severe Cognitive Impairment (1–17) 53 13
Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB)a   14 4
Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD)a   6 5
Caregiver identity Spouse 259 54
Adult-Child 128 26
Sibling 29 6
Others 27 6
None 40 8
  1. aThe mean and SD were reported for these variables