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Table 4 Differences in ALMA scores according to ACQ as well as socio-demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Active Life with Asthma (Gr-ALMA) review: a descriptive methodological study

  Overall Mean (SD) Physical Mean (SD) Mental Mean (SD) Environmental Mean (SD)
Theoretical range 17–67 9–27 4–15 4–16
All participants 38.3 (10.3) 22.1 (6.0) 8.6 (3.0) 7.6 (3.6)
Emergency visits
Yes 33.7 (8.4) 19.8 (5.3) 7.3 (2.7) 6.6 (2.3)
No 40.3 (10.4) 23.1 (6.1) 9.1 (2.9) 8.1 (4.0)
p-value < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001 0.11
Hospital admissions
Yes 32.8 (7.7) 19.6(4.9) 6.8(2.7) 6.2(1.8)
No 39.7 (10.4) 22.7(6.1) 9.0(2.9) 8.0(3.8)
p-value 0.001 0.11 0.001 0.10
Age
18–29 46.2(9.0) 25.4(5.8) 11.2(2.0) 9.5(3.2)
30–39 38.4(12.0) 21.3(6.3) 9.6(3.1) 7.5(4.0)
40–49 33.4(8.2) 19.3(4.5) 7.2(2.6) 6.8(2.6)
50–64 36.4(8.6) 21.7(5.7) 8.1(2.6) 6.5(2.4)
65 and over 37.5(10.9) 22.0(6.3) 7.0(2.8) 8.5(5.0)
p-value < 0.001 0.006 < 0.001 0.003
Education
Primary 39.3(10.8) 23.5(6.7) 7.9(2.6) 7.9(2.9)
Secondary 35.4(10.0) 20.2(5.7) 7.9(2.9) 7.3(4.0)
Undergraduate 40.6(9.0) 23.7(5.0) 9.5(3.0) 7.4(3.3)
Postgraduate 42.5(10.2) 23.2(5.7) 10.6(2.8) 8.7(3.3)
p-value 0.16 0.008 0.001 0.449
Smoking
Current 43.0(11.2) 22.8(6.6) 10.0(3.3) 10.2(4.3)
Past 36.9(10.5) 21.8(6.2) 8.0(2.8) 7.2(3.2)
Never 36.2(8.8) 21.8(5.5) 8.0(2.5) 6.3(2.4)
p-value < 0.001 0.368 < 0.001 < 0.001
ACQ scores quartiles
Q1: < 0.5 48.1 (7.9) 27.8 (4.4) 10.6 (2.5) 9.6 (3.5)
Q2: 0.5–1.2 38.8 (8.0) 21.3 (4.2) 8.8 (2.8) 8.5 (4.7)
Q3: 1.2–2.5 35.3 (5.7) 21.3 (3.9) 7.7 (2.1) 6.2 (2.1)
Q4: > 2.5 29.3 (7.5) 16.7 (4.6) 6.7 (2.7) 5.8 (2.0)
p-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001