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Table 2 Comparison of those referred and not referred based on discharge destination

From: Referral patterns of stroke rehabilitation inpatients to a model system of outpatient services in Ontario, Canada: a 7-year retrospective analysis

Demographic Characteristics Outpatient Therapy Program Referral, N = 891 No Outpatient Therapy Program Referral, N = 606 Home p-value Other p-value
Discharged Home N = 761 Discharged to Other Institution N = 130 Discharged Home N = 333 Discharged to Other Institution N = 273
Mean Age, years 66.7 ± 13.4 73.6 ± 12.5 67.9 ± 15.9 75.6 ± 13.9 0.233 0.220
Gender (%)
 Male 423 (55.6) 68 (52.3) 167 (50.2) 123 (45.1) 0.399 0.332
 Female 337 (44.3) 61 (46.9) 149 (44.7) 136 (49.8)   
 Unknown 1 (0.1) 1 (0.8) 17 (5.1) 14 (5.1)   
Stroke Severity (%)
 Mild 164 (21.6) 6 (4.6) 105 (31.5) 15 (5.5) < 0.001 0.379
  Moderate 379 (49.8) 47 (36.2) 161 (48.3) 80 (29.3)   
  Severe 218 (28.6) 77 (59.2) 67 (20.1) 178 (65.2)   
Rehabilitation Client Group (%)
 Stroke Left Body 289 (38.0) 50 (38.5) 131 (39.3) 137 (50.2) 0.088 0.104
 Stroke Right Body 357 (46.9) 68 (52.3) 147 (44.1) 106 (38.8)   
 Stroke Bilateral 40 (5.3) 3 (2.3) 10 (3.0) 12 (4.4)   
 Stroke No Paresis 35 (4.6) 3 (2.3) 27 (8.1) 8 (2.9)   
 Other Stroke 40 (5.3) 6 (4.6) 18 (5.4) 10 (3.7)
Mean Admission FIM
 Motor 55.2 ± 20.2 39.0 ± 17.8 60.3 ± 19.2 36.3 ± 16.9 < 0.001 0.143
 Cognitive 26.1 ± 6.1 22.9 ± 7.0 27.5 ± 5.7 22.8 ± 6.8 < 0.001 0.926
 Total 81.3 ± 22.7 61.9 ± 20.8 87.8 ± 22.2 59.1 ± 20.3 < 0.001 0.208
Mean Discharge FIM
 Motor 76.6 ± 14.4 56.5 ± 20.5 78.6 ± 13.3 48.6 ± 21.3 0.026 0.001
 Cognitive 29.1 ± 4.9 25.3 ± 6.4 30.2 ± 4.6 25.0 ± 6.5 0.001 0.624
 Total 105.7 ± 16.7 81.8 ± 23.7 108.7 ± 16.2 73.6 ± 24.2 0.006 0.002
Mean Inpatient Length of Stay, days 30.4 ± 16.2 48.8 ± 30.3 27.2 ± 16.7 54.3 ± 51.9 0.003 0.177
Mean Distance to Hospital, km 17.4 ± 18.2 20.0 ± 19.4 34.0 ± 39.8 28.0 ± 35.6 < 0.001 0.004
  1. p-values are provided for between group differences, Mean ± Standard deviation, FIM = Functional Independence Measure