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Table 3 Post referral, patients who received outpatient therapy services versus those who did not based on discharge setting

From: Referral patterns of stroke rehabilitation inpatients to a model system of outpatient services in Ontario, Canada: a 7-year retrospective analysis

  Outpatient Therapy Services Received, N = 721 No Outpatient Therapy Services Received, N = 170 Between group - Home Between group - Other
Demographic Characteristics Discharged Home N = 626 Discharged to Other Institution N = 95 Discharged Home N = 135 Discharged to Other Institution N = 35
Mean Age, years 65.8 ± 13.5 73.6 ± 13.1 70.9 ± 12.0 73.8 ± 10.9 < 0.001 0.917
Gender (%)
 Male 352 (56.2) 47 (49.5) 71 (52.6) 21 (60.0) 0.429 0.312
 Female 273 (43.6) 47 (49.5) 64 (47.4) 14 (40.0)   
 Unknown 1 (0.2) 1 (1.1) 0 (0) 0 (0)   
Stroke Severity (%)
 Mild 141 (22.5) 6 (6.3) 23 (17.0) 0 (0) 0.361 0.201
 Moderate 309 (49.4) 36 (37.9) 70 (51.9) 11 (31.4)   
 Severe 176 (28.1) 53 (55.8) 42 (31.1) 24 (68.6)   
Rehabilitation Client Group (%)
 Stroke Left Body 238 (38.0) 30 (31.6) 51 (37.8) 20 (57.1) 0.240 0.082
 Stroke Right Body 299 (47.8) 54 (56.8) 58 (43.0) 14 (40.0)   
 Stroke Bilateral 28 (4.5) 3 (3.2) 12 (8.9) 0 (0)   
 Stroke No Paresis 27 (4.3) 3 (3.2) 8 (5.9) 0 (0)   
 Other Stroke 34 (5.4) 5 (5.3) 6 (4.4) 1 (2.9)   
Mean Admission FIM
 Motor 55.4 ± 20.4 40.2 ± 17.3 54.5 ± 19.6 35.8 ± 18.9 0.634 0.217
 Cognitive 26.2 ± 6.2 22.9 ± 7.3 25.3 ± 5.7 22.7 ± 6.3 0.124 0.890
 Total 81.6 ± 22.9 63.1 ± 20.7 79.8 ± 21.8 58.5 ± 21.0 0.394 0.271
Mean Discharge FIM
 Motor 77.3 ± 14.1 57.6 ± 19.6 73.4 ± 15.0 53.5 ± 23.2 0.004 0.342
 Cognitive 29.3 ± 5.0 25.2 ± 6.5 28.2 ± 4.6 25.7 ± 6.1 0.017 0.731
 Total 106.6 ± 16.5 82.8 ± 23.0 101.6 ± 16.8 79.1 ± 25.9 0.002 0.465
Mean Inpatient Length of Stay, days 30.5 ± 16.6 48.4 ± 28.1 30.2 ± 14.3 49.7 ± 36.1 0.872 0.838
Mean Distance to Hospital, km 17.4 ± 18.5 18.9 ± 18.1 17.1 ± 16.7 23.0 ± 22.6 0.849 0.342
  1. Mean ± Standard deviation, FIM = Functional Independence Measure