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Table 2 A comparison of demographic and work-related characteristics for nurses in Hospital 1 and 2

From: Working while sick: validation of the multidimensional presenteeism exposures and productivity survey for nurses (MPEPS-N)

Characteristics Preliminary questionnaire Hospital 1 (n = 246) n (%) Main round Questionnaire Hospital 2 (n = 824) n (%) P-value
Gender
 Male 25 (10.2) 95 (11.5) 0.63
 Female 221 (89.8) 729 (88.5)  
Age Group
  ≤ 30 38 (19.9) 226 (28.4) < 0.001**
 31–40 55 (28.8) 196 (24.6)  
 41–50 48 (25.1) 263 (33.0)  
  ≥ 51 50 (26.2) 111 (14.0)  
Education
 Certificate/ Diploma 59 (28.0) 72 (9.1) < 0.001**
 Associate Diploma/ Higher Diploma 43 (20.5) 47 (6.0)  
 Bachelor’s Degree (BscN/BN) 65 (31.0) 432 (54.8)  
 Postgraduate Degree 43 (20.5) 237 (30.1)  
Nurse Ranking
 Junior staff (EN/RN)a 198 (80.5) 618 (75.0) < 0.001**
 Middle management (APN/NC) 31 (12.6) 171 (20.8)  
 Senior management (WM/UM/DOM) 17 (6.9) 35 (4.2)  
Working Schedule
 Shift schedule 164 (69.5) 664 (82.8) < 0.001**
 Regular schedule (9 am-6 pm) 72 (30.5) 138 (17.2)  
Department
 A&E and Outpatientsb 14 (5.9) 94 (12.0) 0.04*
 Medicinec 105 (44.3) 309 (39.6)  
 Surgeryd 90 (38.0) 303 (38.8)  
 Otherse 28 (11.8) 75 (9.6)  
  1. Note: aEN - enrolled nurses, RN- registered nurses, APN – advanced practitioner nurses, WM – ward manager, UM - unit manager, DOM- department operations manager
  2. bA&E and outpatients - includes accident and emergency, ambulatory Care and outpatients
  3. cMedicine - includes medicine, geriatrics, pediatrics and intensive care unit (ICU)
  4. dSurgery - includes surgery, obstetrics, gynecology and operation theatre
  5. e0thers - includes administration, management, residential care, public health, rehabilitation, occupational Health, community nursing, mental health, psychiatry, addiction treatment and others
  6. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001