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Table 4 Level of awareness of mental health disorders by education and socio-economic status in Narail district in Bangladesh

From: An assessment of awareness of mental health conditions and its association with socio-demographic characteristics: a cross-sectional study in a rural district in Bangladesh

Mental Health Conditions Awareness (heard of) Education Socio-economic condition
Primary (0–5), n = 1619 Secondary, n = 326 SSC or HSC, n = 385 Degree or equivalent, n = 96 *p-value for trend In sufficient funds for at least some of the time, n = 1147 Balance, n = 1037 Sufficient funds most of the time, n = 242 *p-value for trend
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Common MHCs Depression 17 (1.1) 25 (7.6) 94 (24.4) 70 (72.9) < 0.001 33 (2.9) 141 (13.6) 32 (13.3) < 0.001
Anxiety 11 (0.7) 30 (9.2) 63 (16.4) 47 (49.1) < 0.001 28 (2.4) 102 (9.8) 21 (8.8) < 0.001
Drug addiction 485 (30.2) 123 (37.6) 320 (83.3) 90 (93.8) < 0.001 381 (33.2) 478 (46.1) 159 (66.3) < 0.001
Awareness of any MHCs 487 (30.1) 126 (38.5) 326 (84.7) 91 (94.8) < 0.001 383 (33.4) 485 (46.8) 162 (67.5) < 0.001
Severe MHCs Psychosis 14 (0.9) 12 (3.7) 27 (7.0) 32 (33.3) < 0.001 15 (1.3) 48 (4.6) 22 (9.2) < 0.001
Dementia 314 (19.4) 60 (18.3) 211 (58.4) 77 (80.2) < 0.001 234 (20.4) 313 (30.2) 115 (47.9) < 0.001
Bipolar disorder 18 (1.1) 8 (2.4) 30 (7.8) 23 (24.2) < 0.001 23 (2.0) 31 (3.0) 25 (10.4) < 0.001
Awareness of any MHCs 317 (19.6) 67 (20.5) 216 (56.1) 82 (85.4) < 0.001 240 (20.9) 323 (31.1) 119 (49.6) < 0.001
Mental Health Conditions Awareness (heard of) Occupation
Student, n = 45 Housewives, n = 978 Land owner, n = 217 Labourers, n = 282 Business, n = 218 Government / non-government employee, n = 137 Retired or unable to work, n = 535 **p-value
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Common MHCs Depression 17 (37.8)c 51 (5.3)a 13 (6.0)a 9 (3.0)a 29 (13.1)b 60 (43.8)d 27 (5.0)a < 0.001
Anxiety 12 (26.7)b 44 (4.5)a 11 (5.1)a 10 (3.4)a 20 (9.0)a 40 (29.2)C 14 (2.6)a < 0.001
Drug addiction 31 (68.9)d 395 (40.7)b 114 (52.5)c 106 (35.7)b 138 (62.2)c 106 (77.4)d 128 (23.8)a < 0.001
Awareness of any MHCs 31 (68.9)c 398 (41.0)b 115 (53.0)b 106 (35.7)b 139 (62.6)c 111 (81.0)d 130 (24.2)a < 0.001
Severe MHCs Psychosis 3 (6.7)a 24 (2.5)a 4 (1.8)a 5 (1.7)a 10 (4.5)a 28 (20.4)b 11 (2.0)a < 0.001
Dementia 21 (46.7)d 264 (27.2)b 71 (32.7)c 65 (21.9)b 83 (37.4)c 84 (61.3)d 74 (13.8)a < 0.001
Bipolar disorder 4 (8.9)b 27 (2.8)a 8 (3.7)a 2 (0.7)a 8 (3.6)a 21 (15.3)b 9 (1.7)a < 0.001
Awareness of any MHCs 21 (46.7)c 269 (27.7)b 73 (33.6)b 66 (22.2)a 87 (39.2)c 89 (65.0)d 77 (14.3)a < 0.001
  1. Same symbol means there is no significant difference between the occupation and different symbol means significant difference
  2. **indicates Fisher’s exact test was used to report p values for multiple pairwise comparisons
  3. *p-value for trend indicates linear-by-linear association between awareness and underlying ordinal variables (education, socio-economic conditions)