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Table 7 Random effect model results predicting the effect of overall quality and program component scores on the number of new family planning acceptors in the last year per reproductive health staff member, MLE facility surveys from Kaduna and Ilorin, Nigeria

From: Assessing the sustainability of the Nigerian urban reproductive health initiative facility-level programming: longitudinal analysis of service quality

  Number of new acceptors per reproductive health staff member
Model 1 Model 2
Marginal 95% CI Marginal 95% CI
Overall quality index 1.06 −0.55; 2.67 na  
Training index na   5.32 −8.06; 18.70
Method provision index na   2.24 −0.30; 4.78
Stock-out (30 days) index na   −2.61 −4.70; −0.52*
IEC index na   0.15 −1.60; 1.89
Outreach index na   −1.10 −3.33; 1.13
Ilorin (ref: Kaduna) 0.71 −10.82; 12.23 −0.18 −11.98; 11.62
Survey wave
 Baseline – 2011 (ref) Ref   ref  
 Endline – 2014 10.81 −0.11; 21.73 10.15 −0.93; 21.24
 Sustainability – 2017 19.45 8.83; 30.08*** 18.05 6.54; 29.55**
NURHI- supported facility (ref: not NURHI) 16.88 4.28; 29.49** 14.69 2.39; 26.98*
Private facility (ref: public) −11.34 −19.35; −3.33** −14.48 −22.37; −6.59***
Ilorin and Endline (2014) interaction −7.42 −22.58; 7.73 −8.35 −24.08; 7.38
Ilorin and sustainability (2017) interaction −20.57 −35.42; −5.72** −18.54 −34.36; − 2.71*
NURHI facility and sustainability (2017) interaction 1.81 −13.22; 16.83 1.61 −13.99; 17.20
Error Components:
 Sigma mu 9.66 5.35; 17.43*** 3.24 +
 Sigma epsilon 29.88 27.42; 32.56*** 30.90 28.84; 33.10***
Number of observations   416 416  
Number of unique facilities   168 168  
  1. na – not applicable for specific model; excludes outliers. + The maximum likelihood estimator did not report a standard error in this case indicating a large standard error and an insignificant effect for the time invariant error. * p ≤ 0.05; ** p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001