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Table 2 Percent distribution of newborns with breathing difficulties, by maternal and newborn characteristics and facility type

From: Readiness to treat and factors associated with survival of newborns with breathing difficulties in Ethiopia

  All cases with known survival status Facility type
Hospitals/MCH specialty centers Health centers/clinics
n = 2190 n = 351 n = 1839
Birth Weight
 Very low birth weight (< 1500) 3% 5% 3%
 Low birth weight (1500–2499 g) 14% 16% 14%
 Normal birth weight (≥2500 g) 61% 70% 59%
 No information 22% 9% 24%
Gestational age
 Preterm (< 37 weeks) 10% 18% 8%
 Term (37–42 weeks) 45% 60% 42%
 Post-term (> 42 weeks) 0% 1% 0%
 No information 45% 21% 49%
Duration of labor
 Precipitate labor (< 1 h) 0% 1% 0%
 Normal labor (1–12 h) 23% 25% 22%
 Prolonged labor (> 12 h) 3% 10% 2%
 No information 74% 64% 76%
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 90% 68% 94%
 Instrumental 3% 9% 2%
 Cesarean 3% 18% 0%
 No information 4% 5% 4%
Mother experienced obstetric complication (% yes) 6% 18% 4%
Treatment
 Type of resuscitation
  Stimulation 1% 1% 1%
  Bag and mask 28% 24% 28%
  Both simulation & bag and mask 13% 24% 11%
  Intubation 1% 6% 0%
  No information /no resuscitation 58% 44% 60%
Oxygen given as needed (% yes) 19% 52% 13%
Newborn outcome
 Alive at discharge 51% 69% 48%
 Dead 49% 31% 52%