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Table 3 Parameter estimates of the bivariate and multivariate analysis of survival of newborns with breathing difficulties

From: Readiness to treat and factors associated with survival of newborns with breathing difficulties in Ethiopia

  Alive at discharge (survived) (n = 730) Dead (n = 305) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
n(%) n(%)
Place of birth Hospitals (n = 253) 177 (70%) 76 (30%) 0.82 (0.71–1.32) 0.68 (0.45–1.06)
Health centers (n = 782) (ref.) 553 (71%) 229 (29%) 1 1
Facility ready to provide newborn resuscitationa Yes (n = 851) 612 (72%) 239 (28%) 1.25 (0.90–1.74) 1.08 (0.73–1.60)
No (n = 184) (ref.) 118 (64%) 66 (36%) 1 1
Facility has separate newborn corner Yes (n = 443) 341 (77%) 102 (23%) 1.75 (1.32–2.31) 1.75 (1.23–2.47)
No (n = 592) (ref.) 389 (66%) 203 (34%) 1  
Gestational age Term or post-term (n = 858) 639 (75%) 219 (25%) 2.76 (1.98–3.84) 1.57 (1.04–2.39)
Preterm (n = 177) (ref.) 91 (51%) 86 (49%) 1  
Mode of delivery Cesarean or instrumental (n = 95) 78 (82%) 17 (18%) 2.03 (1.18–3.49) 2.09 (1.08–4.03)
Vaginal (vertex) (n = 940) (ref.) 652 (69%) 288 (31%) 1 1
Birth weight Normal (> = 2500 g) (n = 802) 608 (76%) 194 (24%) 2.85 (2.11–3.86) 2.35 (1.61–3.43)
Low birth weight (<  2500 g) (n = 233) (ref.) 122 (52%) 111 (48%) 1 1
Oxygen given Yes (n = 285) 226 (79%) 59 (21%) 1.87 (1.35–2.59) 0.93 (0.62–1.38)
No (n = 750) (ref.) 504 (67%) 246 (33%) 1 1
Received resuscitationb Yes (n = 665) 572 (86%) 93 (14%) 8.25 (6.11–11.15) 8.01 (5.77–11.11)
No (n = 370), ref. 158 (43%) 212 (57%) 1 1
Newborn outcome   730 (71%) 305 (29%)   
  1. Newborn outcome (Reference category) = dead, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, CIs highlighted bold are significant at P < 0.05
  2. a facility readiness defined by at least one health worker able to provide newborn resuscitation, had resuscitation pack (self-inflating bag and mask size 0 or 1) and suction apparatus (mucus extractor or suction aspirator). b Includes: stimulation, resuscitation with self-inflating bag and mask and/or intubation
  3. CIs highlighted bold are significant at p < 0.05