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Table 3 Associations between the key determinants and impoverishment in 2015

From: Increase of catastrophic health expenditure while it does not have socio-economic anymore; finding from a district on Tehran after recent extensive health sector reform

Variables B SE P-value Adjusted OR 2015 95% confidence interval
Lower Upper
Economic status     *   
 Quintile 1 (poorest) 1.083 1.240 0.382 2.954 0.260 33.545
 Quintile 2 1.843 1.101 0.094 6.317 0.730 54.695
 Quintile 3 3.909 1.055 < 0.001 49.854 6.309 393.938
 Quintile 4 4.669 1.076 < 0.001 106.580 12.942 877.735
Lack of Insurance −0.612 0.513 0.233 0.542 0.198 1.483
Female household head 0.120 0.526 0.819 1.128 0.402 3.165
Having member ≥65 in Household 0.016 0.413 0.969 1.016 0.452 2.284
Having member ≤5 in Household 0.217 0.576 0.707 1.242 0.401 3.845
Household size
 3–6 members −.499 0.496 0.314 0.607 0.230 1.604
 ≥ 7 members −1.899 1.164 0.103 0.150 0.015 1.466
Having disabled member in household 0.088 0.586 0.880 1.092 0.346 3.466
Dentistry service usage 0.395 0.356 0.267 1.484 0.739 2.980
Inpatient service usage 0.582 0.398 0.144 1.789 0.819 3.906
Outpatient service usage 0.558 0.673 0.407 1.746 0.467 6.531
Constant −5.389 1.244 < 0.001 0.005*   
  1. *P < 0.05