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Quality, performance, safety and outcomes

Section edited by Koustuv Dalal and Howard Degenholtz

This section aims to publish studies on healthcare quality practice and improving patient care and its safety. The section also accepts articles on changes in the health status of an individual, group or population resulting from interventions of the health care team.

Page 1 of 20

  1. Content type: Research article

    Of the various types of medication administration error that occur in hospitals, dose omissions are consistently reported as among the most common. It has been suggested that greater involvement from pharmacy ...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Seston, Darren M. Ashcroft, Elizabeth Lamerton, Lindsay Harper and Richard N. Keers

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:325

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Innovation has been identified as an important engine for improving the quality, productivity and efficiency of health care. Little is known about how to stimulate innovation capacity in primary health care in...

    Authors: Gunilla Avby and Sofia Kjellström

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:319

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  3. Content type: Research article

    One in three colon cancers are diagnosed as an emergency, which is associated with worse cancer outcomes. Chronic conditions (comorbidities) affect large proportions of adults and they might influence the risk...

    Authors: Cristina Renzi, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Willie Hamilton, Camille Maringe and Bernard Rachet

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:311

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Europe’s ageing society leads to an increased demand for long-term care, thereby putting a strain on the sustainability of health care systems. The ‘Identifying best practices for care-dependent elderly by Ben...

    Authors: Henriëtte G. van der Roest, Liza van Eenoo, Lisanne I. van Lier, Graziano Onder, Vjenka Garms-Homolová, Johannes H. Smit, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Pálmi V. Jónsson, Stasja Draisma, Anja Declercq, Judith E. Bosmans and Hein P. J. van Hout

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:310

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Smoking in pregnancy causes harm to mother and baby. Despite evidence from trials of what helps women quit, implementation in the real world has been hard to achieve. An evidence-based intervention, babyClear©...

    Authors: Susan Jones, Sharon Hamilton, Ruth Bell, Vera Araújo-Soares, Svetlana V. Glinianaia, Eugene M. G. Milne, Martin White, Martyn Willmore and Janet Shucksmith

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:297

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    Healthcare associated infection (HCAI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In recent years, there have been high profile successes in infection prevention control (IPC), such as the dramatic reduction...

    Authors: John Gammon, Julian Hunt, Sharon Williams, Sharon Daniel, Sue Rees and Sian Matthewson

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:296

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  7. Content type: Research article

    To test the validity of the Finnish version of the Bernhard et al.’s Cross-Cultural Competence instrument of Healthcare Professionals (CCCHP).

    Authors: Laura Hietapakka, Marko Elovainio, Karolina Wesolowska, Anna-Mari Aalto, Anu-Marja Kaihlanen, Timo Sinervo and Tarja Heponiemi

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:294

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Community pharmacy Common Ailments Services can ease the considerable workload pressures on primary and secondary care services. However, evidence is needed to determine whether there are benefits of extending...

    Authors: Gillian Hall, Tania Cork, Simon White, Hayley Berry and Louise Smith

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:285

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Pharmaceutical care is the pharmacist’s contribution to the care of individuals to optimize medicines use and improve health outcomes. The primary tool of pharmaceutical care is medication review. Defining and...

    Authors: András Szilvay, Orsolya Somogyi, Attiláné Meskó, Romána Zelkó and Balázs Hankó

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:282

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The appropriateness of psychotropic prescriptions in the elderly is a major quality-of-care challenge at hospital. Quality indicators have been developed to prevent inappropriate psychotropic prescriptions. We...

    Authors: Aurélie Petit-Monéger, Vianney Jouhet, Frantz Thiessard, Driss Berdaï, Pernelle Noize, Véronique Gilleron, Guillaume Caridade, Louis-Rachid Salmi and Florence Saillour-Glénisson

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:272

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Long length of stays (LOS) in emergency departments (ED) negatively affect quality of care. Ordering of inappropriate diagnostic tests contributes to long LOS and reduces quality of care. One strategy to chang...

    Authors: Welmoed K. van Deen, Edward S. Cho, Kathryn Pustolski, Dennis Wixon, Shona Lamb, Thomas W. Valente and Michael Menchine

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:270

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Systems for monitoring effectiveness and quality of rehabilitation services across health care levels are needed. The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot test a quality indicator set for rehabilitat...

    Authors: Inger Johansen, Mari Klokkerud, Audny Anke, Janne-Birgitte Børke, Thomas Glott, Uno Hauglie, Audhild Høyem, Atle Klovning, Karin Anna Lande, Mona Larsen, Jan Egil Nordvik, Sigrid H. Wigers, Irene Øyeflaten, Kaare Birger Hagen and Ingvild Kjeken

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:265

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Social media platforms offer unique opportunities for patients and families to provide real-time feedback on their healthcare experiences. Consumer-generated social media ratings of hospitals tend to reflect t...

    Authors: Yue Li, Xueya Cai and Matthew Wang

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:260

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Lack of racial concordance between physicians and patients has been linked to health disparities and inequities. Studies show that patients prefer physicians who look like them; however, there are too few unde...

    Authors: Damian Crawford, Suchitra Paranji, Shalini Chandra, Scott Wright and Flora Kisuule

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:247

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In 2014, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) adopted a screening test policy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in all “Baby Boomers” - those born between 1945 and 1965. About 1 in 12 Veterans were estimated to b...

    Authors: Vera Yakovchenko, Rendelle E. Bolton, Mari-Lynn Drainoni and Allen L. Gifford

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:236

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Use of physical restraint is a common practice in mental healthcare, but is controversial due to risk of physical and psychological harm to patients and creating ethical dilemmas for care providers. Post-incid...

    Authors: Unn Elisabeth Hammervold, Reidun Norvoll, Randi W. Aas and Hildegunn Sagvaag

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:235

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) can optimize the uptake of research evidence into clinical practice by incorporating knowledge users as equal partners in the entire research process. Although several st...

    Authors: Jacqueline Roberge-Dao, Brooks Yardley, Anita Menon, Marie-Christine Halle, Julia Maman, Sara Ahmed and Aliki Thomas

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:230

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  18. Content type: Research article

    All healthcare professionals (HCPs) are at high risk of influenza infection. Therefore, immunization is recommended for all HCPs. Due to safety and effectiveness concerns, HCPs have a low vaccination rate. Thi...

    Authors: Thamir M. Alshammari, Kazeem B. Yusuff, Muhammad Majid Aziz and Gehad M. Subaie

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:229

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Providing culturally safe health care can contribute to improved health among Aboriginal people. However, little is known about how to make hospitals culturally safe for Aboriginal people. This study assessed ...

    Authors: Thomas Gadsden, Gai Wilson, James Totterdell, John Willis, Ashima Gupta, Alwin Chong, Angela Clarke, Michelle Winters, Kym Donahue, Sonia Posenelli, Louise Maher, Jessica Stewart, Helen Gardiner, Erin Passmore, Aaron Cashmore and Andrew Milat

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:222

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Given the increased attention to sepsis at the population level there is a need to assess hospital performance in the care of sepsis patients using widely-available administrative data. The goal of this study ...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Darby, Billie S. Davis, Ian J. Barbash and Jeremy M. Kahn

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:221

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Primary care workload is high and increasing in the United Kingdom. We sought to examine the association between rates of primary care consultation and outcomes in England.

    Authors: Sarah Lay-Flurrie, Edouard Mathieu, Clare Bankhead, Brian D. Nicholson, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Tim Holt, F. D. Richard Hobbs and Chris Salisbury

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:219

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Hospital infection prevention and control (IPC) programs are designed to minimise rates of preventable healthcare-associated infection (HAI) and acquisition of multidrug resistant organisms, which are among th...

    Authors: Gwendolyn L. Gilbert and Ian Kerridge

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:212

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Concerted quality improvement (QI) efforts have been taken to discourage the practice of early elective deliveries (EEDs), but few studies have robustly examined the impact of directed QI interventions in redu...

    Authors: Michael P. Thompson, Ilana Graetz, Caitlin N. McKillop, Peter H. Grubb and Teresa M. Waters

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:208

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Outcomes-based policy and administration of public services present a compelling argument for the value of outcomes data. However, there are a number of challenges inherent in collecting these data from people...

    Authors: James Caiels, Stacey Rand, Tanya Crowther, Grace Collins and Julien Forder

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:201

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Frequent hospitalizations and dependency on technology and providers place individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) at high risk for multiple safety events. Threats to their safety may be physical, emotio...

    Authors: Lucia New, Donna Goodridge, Joanne Kappel, Gary Groot and Roy Dobson

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:199

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The relevance of context in implementation science is reflected in the numerous theories, frameworks, models and taxonomies that have been proposed to analyse determinants of implementation (in this paper refe...

    Authors: Per Nilsen and Susanne Bernhardsson

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:189

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The Tailored Implementation in Chronic Disease (TICD) framework is a comprehensive framework describing the determinants of implementation success that has been used extensively in primary care settings. We ex...

    Authors: Lesli E. Skolarus, Gina M. Neshewat, Lacey Evans, Molly Green, Narmeen Rehman, Zach Landis-Lewis, Jillian Welsh Schrader and Anne E. Sales

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:182

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  28. Content type: Research article

    This retrospective process evaluation reports on the application of a 1-year implementation program to increase identification and management of patients at high risk of a hereditary cancer syndrome. The proje...

    Authors: Janet C. Long, Teresa Winata, Deborah Debono, Kim-Chi Phan-Thien, Christine Zhu and Natalie Taylor

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:180

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Measuring patients’ perception from health service quality as an important element in the assessment of service quality has attracted much attention in recent years. Therefore, this study was conducted to find...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali Abbasi-Moghaddam, Ehsan Zarei, Rafat Bagherzadeh, Hossein Dargahi and Pouria Farrokhi

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:170

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are common and increase morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Their control continues to be an unresolved issue worldwide. HAIs epidemiology shows sex/gender diffe...

    Authors: Jesús López-Alcalde, Elena Stallings, Sheila Cabir Nunes, Abelardo Fernández Chávez, Mathilde Daheron, Xavier Bonfill Cosp and Javier Zamora

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:169

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The medical discharge letter is an important communication tool between hospitals and other healthcare providers. Despite its high status, it often does not meet the desired requirements in everyday clinical p...

    Authors: Christine Maria Schwarz, Magdalena Hoffmann, Petra Schwarz, Lars-Peter Kamolz, Gernot Brunner and Gerald Sendlhofer

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:158

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To overcome the limitations of administrative data in adequately adjusting for differences in patients’ risk of readmissions, recent studies have added supplemental data from patient surveys and other sources ...

    Authors: Sarah Zheng, Amresh Hanchate and Michael Shwartz

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:155

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Comparison of services and identification of factors important for favourable patient outcomes in emergency medical services (EMS) is challenging due to different organization and quality of data. The purpose ...

    Authors: Kristin Tønsager, Marius Rehn, Kjetil G. Ringdal, Hans Morten Lossius, Ilkka Virkkunen, Øyvind Østerås, Jo Røislien and Andreas J. Krüger

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:151

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Organisational performance measurement is a recognised business management tool and essential for survival and success. There is a paucity of methodological studies of organisational performance measurement re...

    Authors: Richard Colbran, Robyn Ramsden, Karen Stagnitti and John W. Toumbourou

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:132

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    At many outpatient departments for psychiatry worldwide, standardized monitoring of the safety of prescribed psychotropic drugs is not routinely performed in daily clinical practice. Therefore it is unclear to...

    Authors: Mirjam Simoons, Henricus G. Ruhé, Eric N. van Roon, Robert A. Schoevers, Richard Bruggeman, Daniëlle C. Cath, Diny Muis, Johan Arends, Bennard Doornbos and Hans Mulder

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:125

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Implementation of new programs within healthcare systems can be extraordinarily complex. Individuals within the same healthcare organization often have different perspectives on how implementation of a new pro...

    Authors: Edward J. Miech, Nicholas A. Rattray, Dawn M. Bravata, Barbara J. Homoya, Jennifer Myers and Teresa M. Damush

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:124

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The population of developed countries is aging, leading to an increase in the use of medication in daily practice, which can lead to serious treatment costs and irrational polypharmacy. A collaborative care ap...

    Authors: Matej Stuhec, Katja Gorenc and Erika Zelko

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:118

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Are creativity and compliance mutually exclusive? In clinical settings, this question is increasingly relevant. Hospitals and clinics seek the creative input of their employees to help solve persistent patient...

    Authors: Sharon H. Kim, Sallie J. Weaver, Ting Yang and Michael A. Rosen

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:116

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The use of clinical quality registries as means for data driven improvement in healthcare seem promising. However, their use has been shown to be challenged by a number of aspects, and we suggest some may be r...

    Authors: Cecilie Lindström Egholm, Charlotte Helmark, Patrick Doherty, Per Nilsen, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler and Gitte Bunkenborg

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:102

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare professionals who experience trauma due to patient safety incidents can be considered second victims, and they also suffer from various difficulties. In order to support second victims, it is necess...

    Authors: Won Lee, Jeehee Pyo, Seung Gyeong Jang, Ji Eun Choi and Minsu Ock

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:100

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Home-visiting nurses are expected to enhance their ability to provide adequate nursing care in a relatively isolated work environment. However, the isolated work environment leads to less opportunity to share ...

    Authors: Akiyo Nonogaki, Tomoko Nishida, Kazunari Kobayashi, Kayoko Nozaki, Haruka Tamura and Hisataka Sakakibara

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:96

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Millions of Americans are living with hepatitis C, the leading cause of liver disease in the United States. Medication treatment can cure hepatitis C. We sought to understand factors that contribute to hepatit...

    Authors: Avy A. Skolnik, Amanda Noska, Vera Yakovchenko, Jack Tsai, Natalie Jones, Allen L. Gifford and D. Keith McInnes

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:91

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Few published articles have focused on identifying the gaps in care that follow a malnutrition diagnosis and their effects on length of stay (LOS) and 90-day readmission. We hypothesized that length of stay an...

    Authors: Joanna Bryan Ringel, Deanna Jannat-Khah, Rachel Chambers, Emily Russo, Louise Merriman and Renuka Gupta

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:87

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The need for improved research on ill health has been recognized internationally and locally in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE Nursing and Midwifery Council recently committed to enhancing the status ...

    Authors: Nabeel Al-Yateem, Muna Al-Tamimi, Maria Brenner, Hanan Al Tawil, Alaa Ahmad, Sharon Brownie and Shameran Slewa-Younan

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:77

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to understand the determinants of adherence to wrap-around care (WAC) by professional care providers working in child and family services. WAC is a care coordination method targeting f...

    Authors: Noortje M. Pannebakker, Margot A. H. Fleuren, Eline Vlasblom, Mattijs E. Numans, Sijmen A. Reijneveld and Paul L. Kocken

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:76

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The growing interest in hospital users’ complaints appears to be consistent with recent changes in health care, which considers the patient’s voice a valuable information source to improve health care. Based o...

    Authors: Béatrice Schaad, Céline Bourquin, Francesco Panese and Friedrich Stiefel

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:73

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  47. Content type: Research article

    There is a growing body of international research that displays the prevalence and character of abuse in health care. Even though most of these studies are conducted from a patient perspective little is known ...

    Authors: A. Jelmer Brüggemann, Camilla Forsberg and Robert Thornberg

    Citation: BMC Health Services Research 2019 19:58

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